1. Which bodies regulate aviation in your country, under what basic laws?
Aviation is regulated in the Russian Federation by the following:
• the Ministry of Transport as the federal body of executive power in the sphere of transport, including air transport. The Ministry of Transport works out the state policy and deals with legal regulation in the sphere of, inter alia, aviation, use of the airspace and aeronavigational services provided to the users of the airspace;
• the Federal Agency of Air Transport (FAAT), a federal body with executive power that provides state services and manages state property in the sphere of air transport (civil aviation), of the use of the airspace and aero-navigational services provided to the users of the airspace. Inter alia, the FAAT conducts certification of airports and keeps the state register of civil aerodromes and airports. Among other things, the FAAT is in charge of registration of aircraft. The FAAT is part of the Ministry of Transport;
• the Federal Service on the Supervision in the Sphere of Transport (FSSST), which is the federal body having mostly control and supervisory functions in different transport sectors, including, among other areas, civil aviation, the use of airspace and aero-navigational services provided to the users of the airspace. The FSSST is also part of the system of the Ministry of Transport; and
• the Ministry of Defence, which performs state regulation of the activity in the area of state aviation.
The main aviation law is the Air Code of the Russian Federation, which is followed by extensive subordinate legislation. The legal status, authority, scope of activity and functions of the above-mentioned federal bodies with executive power are determined by respective government decrees.